Authors: Mishima T, Kuroki T, Tajima Y, Adachi T, Hirabaru M, Tanaka T, Kitasato A, Takatsuki M, Eguchi S
Citation: Pancreas 2014 Mar;43(2):236-9
PMID : 24518501, Journal: Pancreas, 43, 2
Date created: 2014-02-12
OBJECTIVES: Zinc (Zn) is related to insulin synthesis, storage, and secretion. This study demonstrates the effects of Zn supplementation in donor rats on the outcomes of islet transplantation.
METHODS: Donor rats received 3 different regimens of dietary Zn supplementation for 2 weeks before undergoing pancreas donation: a standard diet containing Zn at 50 ppm (control), 1 ppm (low-Zn group) or 1000 ppm (high-Zn group), respectively. Diabetic recipient rats underwent islet transplantation, and the blood glucose levels and insulin secretion were monitored for 7 days after transplantation.
RESULTS: The serum and pancreatic Zn levels at the time of donation were significantly lower in the low-Zn group (48.8 ± 25.5 µg/dL and 11.3 ± 1.9 µg/g) and higher in the high-Zn group (147.3 ± 17.6 µg/dL and 18.7 ± 2.2 µg/g) when compared with those observed in the controls (118.7 ± 7.9 µg/dL and 14.6 ± 2.0 µg/g) (P < 0.05). The blood glucose levels became re-elevated 2 days after transplantation in rats receiving islet grafts from the controls and the low-Zn groups. In contrast, in the rats that received islets from the high-Zn groups, these were maintained within a reference range (P < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that a Zn-rich diet for donor rats improves the function of islet grafts in chemically induced diabetic rats.