Authors: Stewart SR, Emerick RJ, Kayongo-Male H
Citation: J. Anim. Sci. 1993 Apr;71(4):946-54
PMID : 8386718, Journal: J. Anim. Sci., 71, 4
Date created: 1993-05-21
Two 8-wk experiments were conducted with Sprague-Dawley weanling rats to determine whether interactions occurring between Zn and Si, or a nutritional deficiency of either Cu or Zn, affect silica urolith formation. In Exp. 1, concentrations of 0, 540, and 2,700 mg of Si/kg of diet from tetraethylorthosilicate were used with dietary Zn concentrations of 4, 12, and 500 mg/kg of diet in a 3 x 3 factorial arrangement. In Exp. 2, copper at 1 or 5 mg/kg of diet and Zn at 4, 12, and 500 mg/kg of diet were used in a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement. All diets in Exp. 2 contained 2,700 mg of Si/kg. Silica uroliths occurred in all treatments providing, 2,700 mg of Si/kg of diet. There was a trend (P = .17) toward a reduction of silica urolith incidence with increasing concentrations of dietary Zn in Exp. 1. In Exp. 2, a deficiency of Zn, and a Cu deficiency exacerbated by 500 mg of Zn/kg of diet, increased (P < .05) silica urolith formation. An antagonism between Si and Zn, as demonstrated previously in the rat, may not be of a sufficient magnitude to be applicable to the prevention of silica urolithiasis. The data further demonstrate that Zn deficiency and, to a lesser extent, Cu deficiency contributed to silica urolith formation in rats fed diets having a high content of absorbable Si. However, 540 mg of Si/kg of diet may potentiate the metabolic activity of Zn, as indicated by a 23% Si-mediated weight gain response in Zn-deficient rats.